„National Institute of Standards and Technology” változatai közötti eltérés

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===Új irányok===
Bár a tudomány és a technológia értéke megkérdőjelezhetetlen, az adófizetők számára mutatni kellett azt az értéket, amit létrehoztak. Az [[1980-as évek]]ben az amerikaiak egyre fontosabbnak tartották a pénzzel való törődést. A NIST kutatók hozzájárultak az orvosi és sebészeti szabványok kifejlesztéséhez. 1981-ben jelent meg az első jelentés a NIST gazdasági hatásáról. Egy tanácsadó szerint az [[1970-es évek]]ben a [[félvezető]]ipar megbízhatósága jelentősen nőtt, és csökkentek a költségek.
 
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In 1981, the first formal analysis of the economic impact of NIST programs was published. A consultant estimated that the semiconductor metrology program significantly boosted the industry's productivity in the mid-1970s, improving product features and reliability, increasing production yields, and reducing costs-and providing social returns that matched or exceeded levels reported elsewhere for privately generated innovations. The study estimated that the metrology program's research contributed $30 million to $50 million per year to the semiconductor industry in the mid-1970s. More than 20 other economic impact studies since have been carried out for NIST laboratory programs, revealing substantial returns on investment.
 
NIST also expanded its interactions with the private sector, building on a tradition of assisting and collaborating with trade associations, individual firms, and industrial consortia. Its program of hosting industrial research associates, begun in the 1920s, had more than 200 participants by the mid-1980s, for example. The rest of the federal laboratory system adopted a similar style of interaction during the 1980s, when new laws were passed emphasizing cooperative research and technology transfer. Many view this legislation as implementing the practices developed at NIST over the years. (By August 2000, NIST would report more than 950 cooperative research and development agreements over a 12-year period, as well as 1,550 visiting scientists on site annually.)