„Flogisztonelmélet” változatai közötti eltérés

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A flogisztonelméletet végül [[Antoine Lavoisier|Antoine Laurent Lavoisier]] (1734–1794) cáfolta, aki más vegyészek munkáin – [[Henry Cavendish|Cavendish]], Scheele, [[Joseph Priestley|Priestley]] – alapuló elméletével bizonyította az [[oxigén]] égési folyamatban való részvételét.
A substance called phlogiston, which in the 17th century tried to explain the combustion process, a milestone in the development of chemistry. The Greek origin of the word "burning" comes from the word (which is related to the Latin Flamma, so flame).
According to the theory developed by Georg Ernst Stahl (1659-1734) all flammable materials located in phlogiston, which is caused by combustion. The combustion of material removed from the phlogiston from them, and the more of it, the more violently burn. The fact that the combustion of the mass of the material increases, some explained that the weight of the negative phlogiston, the gravity "repel".
The basis of the theory of Johann Joachim Becher (1635-1682) worked out according to which during combustion "oily earth" (terra pinguis) is eliminated, and this theory was further developed by Stahl, which in 1731 published the work of "Experimenta" section.
The theory was of importance that broke a mystifying alchemy and understanding, and the process of trying to put on a scientific basis, thus allowing the theory to clarify, or even - as happened in this case - denial. His work has achieved international recognition in many countries has become known and respected in theory, including Hungary, such as Winterl Jakab (1732-1809), in the case of Trnava University chemistry professor.
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier finally the phlogistontheory (1734-1794) denied to other chemists who had the works - proved the involvement of oxygen to the combustion process based on the theory - Cavendish, Scheele, Priestley.
[[Kategória:Elavult tudományos elméletek]]