„Sacagawea” változatai közötti eltérés

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'''Sacagawea''' (más írásmóddal '''Sakakawea''' vagy '''Sacajawea'''; {{IPA|[ˌsækəʒəˈwiːə]}}; [[1788]] körül – [[1812]]. [[december 20.]]) [[Lemhi soson|lemhi]] [[soson]] törzsbeli indián nő, aki tolmácsként és úti vezetőként elkísérte a [[Lewis és Clark expedíció]]t az [[Amerikai Egyesült Államok]] mai területének nyugati részére. 1804 és 1806 közt megtette velük az [[Észak-Dakota]] és a [[Csendes-óceán]] közti távolságot.
 
Sacagaweáról kevés információ maradt fenn, de az expedícióhoz kötődő legendakör fontos részévé vált. A 20. század elején a nők szavazati jogáért küzdő [[National American Woman Suffrage Association]] őt választotta a nők értéke és függetlensége jelképéül, szobrokat emeltek tiszteletére és sokat tettek története ismertté válásáért.<ref>Fresonke, Kris and Spence, Mark David. ''Lewis & Clark: Legacies, Memories, and New Perspectives''. University of California Press, February 25, 2004. {{ISBN |978-0520238220}}</ref>
 
2000-ben az USA-ban kiadták a tiszteletére a [[Sacagawea-dollár]]t, amin ő és kisfia, [[Jean Baptiste Charbonneau]] képe látható. Mivel Sacagaweáról nem maradt fenn korabeli ábrázolás, egy [[Randy'L He-dow Teton]] nevű soson-bannok nőről mintázták arcképét.
Some American Indian oral traditions relate that rather than dying in 1812, Sacagawea left her husband Charbonneau, crossed the [[Great Plains]] and married into a [[Comanche]] tribe. She was said to have returned to the Shoshone in Wyoming, where she died in 1884.
 
The question of Sacagawea's final resting place caught the attention of national suffragists seeking voting rights for women, according to author Raymond Wilson.<ref name="eastman">{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=nUrhXE8jZnYC|title=Ohiyesa: Charles Eastman, Santee Sioux,}} by Raymond Wilson. University of Illinois Press, 1999. {{ISBN |0252068513}}</ref> Wilson argues that Sacagawea became a role model whom suffragettes pointed to "with pride." Wilson goes on to note:
 
:"Interest in Sacajawea peaked and controversy intensified when [[Grace Raymond Hebard|Dr. Grace Raymond Hebard]], professor of political economy at the University of Wyoming in Laramie and an active supporter of the Nineteenth Amendment, campaigned for federal legislation to erect an edifice honoring Sacajawea's death in 1884."<ref name="eastman" />
 
[[Fájl:SacagaweaGravePhilKonstantin.jpg|right|thumb|Marker of grave alleged to be Sacajawea's, Fort Washakie, Wyoming]]
In 1925, Dr. [[Charles Eastman]], a Dakota Sioux physician, was hired by the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs]] to locate Sacagawea's remains. Eastman visited many different Native American tribes to interview elderly individuals who might have known or heard of Sacagawea, and learned of a Shoshone woman at the Wind River Reservation with the Comanche name ''Porivo'' (chief woman). Some of the people he interviewed said that she spoke of a long journey where she had helped white men, and that she had a silver Jefferson [[Indian Peace Medal|peace medal]] of the type carried by the Lewis and Clark Expedition. He found a Comanche woman called ''Tacutine'' who said that ''Porivo'' was her grandmother. She had married into a Comanche tribe and had a number of children, including Tacutine's father ''Ticannaf''. Porivo left the tribe after her husband Jerk-Meat was killed.<ref name="Clark">Clark, Ella E. and Edmonds, Margot. ''Sacagawea of the Lewis and Clark Expedition''. University of California Press, September 15, 1983. {{ISBN |978-0520050600}}</ref>
 
According to these narratives, Porivo lived for some time at [[Fort Bridger]] in Wyoming with her sons ''Bazil'' and ''Baptiste'', who each knew several languages, including English and French. Eventually she found her way back to the Lemhi Shoshone at the [[Wind River Indian Reservation]], where she was recorded as "Bazil's mother".<ref name="Clark" /> This woman died on April 9, 1884, and a Reverend John Roberts officiated at her funeral.
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