„Szerkesztő:Hollófernyiges/próbalap2” változatai közötti eltérés

a (→‎Further reading: angol sablonok és kategóriák semlegesítése)
A magas tesztoszteronkoncentráció nem fokozza a prosztatarák kialakulásának veszélyét. Valószínűleg éppen ellenkezőleg, az alacsony hormonszíntű férfiak kockázata nagyobb és a kialakuló tumor is veszélyesebb.<ref name="pmid19011298">{{cite book | vauthors = Morgentaler A, Schulman C | chapter = Testosterone and prostate safety | volume = 37 | pages = 197–203 | year = 2009 | pmid = 19011298 | doi = 10.1159/000176054 | isbn = 978-3-8055-8622-1 | series = Frontiers of Hormone Research | title = Advances in the Management of Testosterone Deficiency }}</ref><ref>{{cite journal | vauthors = Rhoden EL, Averbeck MA, Teloken PE | title = Androgen replacement in men undergoing treatment for prostate cancer | journal = The Journal of Sexual Medicine | volume = 5 | issue = 9 | pages = 2202–08 | date = Sep 2008 | pmid = 18638000 | doi = 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2008.00925.x }}</ref><ref>{{cite journal | vauthors = Morgentaler A, Traish AM | title = Shifting the paradigm of testosterone and prostate cancer: the saturation model and the limits of androgen-dependent growth | journal = European Urology | volume = 55 | issue = 2 | pages = 310–20 | date = Feb 2009 | pmid = 18838208 | doi = 10.1016/j.eururo.2008.09.024 }}</ref> Idős férfiakban a tesztoszteron közvetetten segít fenntartani a szív- és érrendszer egészségét azzal, hogy gátolja az izptömeg elvesztését, gátolja az elhízást és csökkenti a koleszterinszintet.<ref name="pmid18488876">{{cite journal | vauthors = Stanworth RD, Jones TH | title = Testosterone for the aging male; current evidence and recommended practice | journal = Clinical Interventions in Aging | volume = 3 | issue = 1 | pages = 25–44 | year = 2008 | pmid = 18488876 | pmc = 2544367 | doi = 10.2147/CIA.S190}}</ref> Nők esetében a magas androgénszint együtt járhat a szabálytalan menstruációs ciklussal.<ref name="pmid17039468">{{cite journal | vauthors = Van Anders SM, Watson NV | title = Menstrual cycle irregularities are associated with testosterone levels in healthy premenopausal women | journal = American Journal of Human Biology | volume = 18 | issue = 6 | pages = 841–44 | year = 2006 | pmid = 17039468 | doi = 10.1002/ajhb.20555 | url = https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/83925/1/menstrual_cycle_irregularities_are_associated_with_testosterone_levels_in_healthy_premenopausal_women.pdf | hdl = 2027.42/83925 }}</ref>
 
====MalesFérfiak====
InFérfiaknál men,a higherszexuális levelsaktivitás ofperiódusai testosteroneegyüttjárnak area associatedmagasabb with periods of sexual activitytesztoszteron-szinttel.<ref name="pmid1275688">{{cite journal | vauthors = Kraemer HC, Becker HB, Brodie HK, Doering CH, Moos RH, Hamburg DA | title = Orgasmic frequency and plasma testosterone levels in normal human males | journal = Archives of Sexual Behavior | volume = 5 | issue = 2 | pages = 125–32 | date = Mar 1976 | pmid = 1275688 | doi = 10.1007/BF01541869 }}</ref><ref name=Roney_2003>{{cite journal | vauthors = Roney JR, Mahler SV, Maestripieri D | title = Behavioral and hormonal responses of men to brief interactions with women | journal = Evolution and Human Behavior | year = 2003 | volume = 24 | issue = 6 | pages = 365–75 | doi = 10.1016/S1090-5138(03)00053-9 }}</ref> Szexfilmek nézése után átlagosan 35%-kal nőtt s vér tesztoszteronkoncentrációja (a legmagasabb 60-90 perccel a film vége után volt);<ref>{{cite journal | vauthors = Pirke KM, Kockott G, Dittmar F | title = Psychosexual stimulation and plasma testosterone in man | journal = Archives of Sexual Behavior | volume = 3 | issue = 6 | pages = 577–84 | date = Nov 1974 | pmid = 4429441 | doi = 10.1007/BF01541140 }}</ref> ezenkívül nőtt a motiváció, a versengésre való hajlam és csökkent a kifáradtság.<ref name="pmid4001279">{{cite journal | vauthors = Hellhammer DH, Hubert W, Schürmeyer T | title = Changes in saliva testosterone after psychological stimulation in men | journal = Psychoneuroendocrinology | volume = 10 | issue = 1 | pages = 77–81 | year = 1985 | pmid = 4001279 | doi = 10.1016/0306-4530(85)90041-1 }}</ref> Megfigyelték, hogy a ciklusuk [[Ovuláció|peteérési]] szakaszában lévő nők szagának kitett férfiak hormonszintje magasabb volt, mint a kontrollcsoporté.
<ref name="pmid20424057">{{cite journal | vauthors = Miller SL, Maner JK | title = Scent of a woman: men's testosterone responses to olfactory ovulation cues | journal = Psychological Science | volume = 21 | issue = 2 | pages = 276–83 | date = Feb 2010 | pmid = 20424057 | doi = 10.1177/0956797609357733 | url = https://semanticscholar.org/paper/71e4403da354af0acb03062f9bb65d543795c1db }}</ref>
 
Men who watch a sexually explicit movie have an average increase of 35% in testosterone, peaking at 60–90 minutes after the end of the film, but no increase is seen in men who watch sexually neutral films.<ref>{{cite journal | vauthors = Pirke KM, Kockott G, Dittmar F | title = Psychosexual stimulation and plasma testosterone in man | journal = Archives of Sexual Behavior | volume = 3 | issue = 6 | pages = 577–84 | date = Nov 1974 | pmid = 4429441 | doi = 10.1007/BF01541140 }}</ref> Men who watch sexually explicit films also report increased motivation, competitiveness, and decreased exhaustion.<ref name="pmid4001279">{{cite journal | vauthors = Hellhammer DH, Hubert W, Schürmeyer T | title = Changes in saliva testosterone after psychological stimulation in men | journal = Psychoneuroendocrinology | volume = 10 | issue = 1 | pages = 77–81 | year = 1985 | pmid = 4001279 | doi = 10.1016/0306-4530(85)90041-1 }}</ref> A link has also been found between relaxation following sexual arousal and testosterone levels.<ref name="pmid3602262">{{cite journal | vauthors = Rowland DL, Heiman JR, Gladue BA, Hatch JP, Doering CH, Weiler SJ | title = Endocrine, psychological and genital response to sexual arousal in men | journal = Psychoneuroendocrinology | volume = 12 | issue = 2 | pages = 149–58 | year = 1987 | pmid = 3602262 | doi = 10.1016/0306-4530(87)90045-X }}</ref>
 
Men's levels of testosterone, a hormone known to affect men's mating behaviour, changes depending on whether they are exposed to an [[Ovulation|ovulating]] or nonovulating woman's body odour. Men who are exposed to scents of ovulating women maintained a stable testosterone level that was higher than the testosterone level of men exposed to nonovulation cues. Testosterone levels and sexual arousal in men are heavily aware of hormone cycles in females.<ref name="pmid20424057">{{cite journal | vauthors = Miller SL, Maner JK | title = Scent of a woman: men's testosterone responses to olfactory ovulation cues | journal = Psychological Science | volume = 21 | issue = 2 | pages = 276–83 | date = Feb 2010 | pmid = 20424057 | doi = 10.1177/0956797609357733 | url = https://semanticscholar.org/paper/71e4403da354af0acb03062f9bb65d543795c1db }}</ref> This may be linked to the ''ovulatory shift hypothesis'',<ref name = "Gangestead_2005">{{cite journal | vauthors = Gangestead SW, Thornhill R, Garver-Apgar CE | title = Adaptations to Ovulation: Implications for Sexual and Social Behavior | journal = Current Directions in Psychological Science | volume = 14 | issue = 6 | pages = 312–16 | year = 2005 | doi = 10.1111/j.0963-7214.2005.00388.x }}</ref> where males are adapted to respond to the ovulation cycles of females by sensing when they are most fertile and whereby females look for preferred male mates when they are the most fertile; both actions may be driven by hormones.
 
====Females====