„Nevada” változatai közötti eltérés

158 bájt törölve ,  13 évvel ezelőtt
* Keleten [[Utah]], délkeleten [[Arizona]], nyugaton [[Kalifornia]], északon [[Oregon]] és [[Idaho]] határolják.
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{{mainarticle|History of Nevada}}
===Before 1861===
[[Image:Early Locomotive.JPG|thumb|right|250px|Early [[locomotives]], such as this one in [[Ely, Nevada]] played an important role in the early Nevada [[mining]] industry.]]
See [[History of Utah]] (beginning 12,000 BC), [[History of Las Vegas]], and the discovery of the first major U.S. deposit of [[silver ore]] in [[Comstock Lode]] under [[Virginia City, Nevada]] in 1859.
{{see also|Nevada in the American Civil War}}
On March 2, 1861, the [[Nevada Territory]] separated from the [[Utah Territory]] and adopted its current name, shortened from ''Sierra Nevada'' ([[Spanish language|Spanish]] for "snowy range"). Eight days prior to the [[U.S. presidential election, 1864|presidential election of 1864]], Nevada became the 36th state in the union. Statehood was rushed to the date of October 31 to help ensure [[Abraham Lincoln]]'s reelection on November 8 and post-Civil War [[United States Republican Party|Republican]] dominance in Congress.<ref>Rocha Guy, [http://dmla.clan.lib.nv.us/docs/nsla/archives/myth/myth12.htm ''Historical Myth a Month: Why Did Nevada Become A State?'']</ref> As Nevada's mining-based economy tied it to the more industrialized [[Union (American Civil War)|Union]], it was viewed as more politically reliable than other Confederate-sympathizing states such as neighboring California. (Citation Needed. This is questionable because California was a state long before this happened)
Nevada achieved its current boundaries on May 5, 1866 when it absorbed the portion of [[Pah-Ute County, Arizona|Pah-Ute County]] in the [[Arizona Territory]] west of the Colorado River, essentially all of present day Nevada south of the [[37th parallel north|37th parallel]]. The transfer was prompted by the discovery of gold in the area, and it was thought by officials that Nevada would be better able to oversee the expected population boom. This area includes most of what is now [[Clark County, Nevada|Clark County]].
Mining shaped Nevada's economy for many years (see ''[[Silver mining in Nevada]]''). When [[Mark Twain]] lived in Nevada during the period described in ''[[Roughing It]]'', mining had lead to an industry of speculation and immense wealth. However, both mining and population declined in the late 19th century. However, the rich silver strike at [[Tonopah, Nevada|Tonopah]] in 1900, followed by strikes in [[Goldfield]] and [[Rhyolite, Nevada|Rhyolite]], again put Nevada's population on an upward trend.
====GamingSzerencsjáték andés labormunkalehetőség====
[[Image:LasVegasSign06212005.jpg|250px|thumb|right|Gambling erupted once more following a recession in the early 20<sup>th</sup> century, helping to build the city of Las Vegas.]]
Unregulated [[gambling]] was common place in the early Nevada mining towns but outlawed in 1909 as part of a nation-wide anti-gaming crusade. Due to subsequent declines in mining output and the decline of the agricultural sector during the [[Great Depression]], Nevada re-legalized gambling on March 19, 1931, with approval from the legislature. At the time, the leading proponents of gambling expected that it would be a short term fix until the state's economic base widened to include less cyclical industries. However, re-outlawing gambling has never been seriously considered since, and the industry has become Nevada's primary source of revenue today.
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