Modul:SimpleDebug

Source code project 1171.svg SimpleDebug[mi ez?] • [dokumentáció: mutat, szerkeszt] • [tesztek: létrehozás]

Contains a functions to help debug the lua modules. It allows to collect and view the values of several variables and/or points in your lua program, from a module (which is usual) or in several modules (which are required from the main module).

It is designed so that its functions are called from within the module that is to be debugged, calls that will have to be part of the code (of the module that you have designed, or that you want to improve or adapt) until you decide to delete them (when you already have determined the bug). Thus, you do not have to call any of its functions from an invoke.

UsesSzerkesztés

One or several points to watch
Function abbreviations: w: where. n: names. v: variables. s: string.
Variables
Name Default
tab.oneline true
  • If it is false or it is true and contains nested tables, it will show a line for each item in the table and with an indent for each nested table.
  • If it is true and it does not contain nested tables, it shows the table in a line.
tab.allidx false

If it is true then also displays the numerical indexes of a table.

dec -1

Spaces for the decimals:

  • -1: It displays all required decimals.
  • 0: No decimals.
  • n: 1: one decimal, 2: two decimals, etc.
enabled true

If it is false all calls to the below functions do nothing.

nohtml false

In strings, it replaces < for ⪡ and > for ⪢.

plaintext false

Deletes html format.

One point to watch
Functions
w (where)
  • where: point label.
v (...)
  • ...: a number of variables = var1, var2...
wv (where, ...)
  • where: point label.
  • ...: a number of variables = var1, var2...
nv (...)
  • ...: a number of pairs of name-variable = name1, var1, name2, var2....
wnv (where, ...)
  • where: point label.
  • ...: a number of pairs of name-variable = name1, var1, name2, var2....
Several points to watch
Variables
Name Default
s

The string variable that holds the returned values from the next functions.

maxlines.num 100

The maxim number of lines (on calling the next functions).

maxlines.doerror true

If it is true and maxlines.num is reached, error(s) is called.

counter false

Adds an autoincremental number at the beginning of each call of a function.

Functions
breakline ()

Adds a break line in s.

wtos (where)

Equal to w, but the return string is stored in s.

vtos (...)

Equal to v, but the return string is stored in s.

wvtos (where, ...)

Equal to wv, but the return string is stored in s.

nvtos (...)

Equal to nv, but the return string is stored in s.

wnvtos (where, ...)

Igual a wnv, but the return string is stored in s.

ExamplesSzerkesztés

One point to watchSzerkesztés

Following the flowSzerkesztés

local SD = require "Module:SimpleDebug"
return SD.v ('Here is reached')

returns:

Here is reached


Number of decimal places and value of a variableSzerkesztés

local SD = require "Module:SimpleDebug"
SD.dec = 2
return SD.v (1/3)

returns:

0.33


NohtmlSzerkesztés

local SD = require "Module:SimpleDebug"
SD.nohtml = true
return SD.v ("<b>bold</b>")

returns:

"⪡b⪢bold⪡/b⪢"


PlaintextSzerkesztés

local SD = require "Module:SimpleDebug"
SD.plaintext = true
return SD.v ("<b>bold</b>")

returns:

"bold"


The value of several variablesSzerkesztés

local SD = require "Module:SimpleDebug"
local a = 12
local b = 'Hello'
return SD.v (a,b)

returns:

12  •  "Hello"


Non-assigned variable detectionSzerkesztés

local SD = require "Module:SimpleDebug"
local a = true
return SD.v (a,b)

returns:

true  •  nil


The value of a tableSzerkesztés

local SD = require "Module:SimpleDebug"
local a = {1, tab='a', 'b'}
return SD.v (a)

returns: { 1, "b", [tab]="a", }


local SD = require "Module:SimpleDebug"
local a = {{1,2,3},{4,5,6},{7,8,9}}
return SD.v (a)

returns:

{
  [1] = {1, 2, 3, },
  [2] = {4, 5, 6, },
  [3] = {7, 8, 9, },
} 


local SD = require "Module:SimpleDebug"
local a = {{First=1,2,3},{4,Second=5,6},{7,8,9}}
return SD.v (a)

returns:

{ 
 [1] = {2, 3, [First]=1, },
 [2] = {4, 6, [Second]=5, },
 [3] = {7, 8, 9, },
}


local SD = require "Module:SimpleDebug"
SD.allidx = true
local a = {{1,2,3},{4,5,6},{7,8,9}}
return SD.v (a)

returns:

{ 
  [1]={[1]=1, [2]=2, [3]=3, }, 
  [2]={[1]=4, [2]=5, [3]=6, }, 
  [3]={[1]=7, [2]=8, [3]=9, }, 
}


Usually, you implement these functions with error function:

local SD = require "Module:SimpleDebug"
local a = {{1,2,3},{4,5,6},{7,8,9}}
error (SD.v (a))

displays:

Lua error:Module:YourModule:Line:{

  [1] = {1, 2, 3, },
  [2] = {4, 5, 6, },
  [3] = {7, 8, 9, },
}


All values of a table in multilineSzerkesztés

local SD = require "Module:SimpleDebug"
SD.tab.oneline = false
local a = {{First=1,2,3},'Middle',{4,Second=5,6}}
return SD.v (a)

retorna:

{
 [1] = {
     [1] = 2,
     [2] = 3,
     ["First"] = 1,
   },
 [2] = "Middle",
 [3] = {
     [1] = 4,
     [2] = 6,
     ["Second"] = 5,
   },
}


The value of several variables with their name in a pointSzerkesztés

local SD = require "Module:SimpleDebug"
local a = 12
local b = 'Hello'
return SD.nv ('a',a,'b',b)

returns:

a: 12  •  b: "Hello"


Several points to watchSzerkesztés

Following the flowSzerkesztés

local SD = require "Module:SimpleDebug" 
local tab = {1,12,7}
function p.CheckValues ()
  local function LittleNum()
    SD.wtos ('little number')
  end
  local function BigNum(num)
    SD.wtos ('big='..num)
  end
  for i, num in ipairs(tab) do
    if num > 9 then
      BigNum(num)
    else
      LittleNum()
    end  
  end  
  error (SD.s)
end

returns:

Lua Error:Module:Your module:Line:

little number

big=12

little number.


With counterSzerkesztés

local SD = require "Module:SimpleDebug" 
function Increm()
  local n = 0
  for i = 1, 3 do
    n = n + 2
    SD.vtos (n)
  end
end
SD.counter = true
Increm()
return SD.s

returns:

1  •  2

2  •  4

3  •  6


Monitoring of several variablesSzerkesztés

local SD = require "Module:SimpleDebug"
a = 12
b = 'Hello'
SD.vtos (1,a,b)
a = a + a
b = b..' world!'
SD.vtos ('Finally',a,b)
return SD.s

returns:

1 => 12  •  "Hello"

Finally => 24  •  "Hello world!"


local SD = require "Module:SimpleDebug"
SD.breakline ()
a = 12
b = 'Hello'
c = false
SD.nvtos (1,'a',a,'b',b,'c',c)
a = a + a
b = b..' world!'
SD.nvtos ('Finally','a',a,'b',b)
error (SD.s)

displays:

Lua error:Module:YourModule:Line:

1 => a: 12  •  b: "Hello"  •  c: false

Finally => a: 24  •  b: "Hello world!"

Variables and their presentation with conditionsSzerkesztés

local SD = require "Module:SimpleDebug"
SD.breakline()
SD.enabled = false
SD.maxlines.num = 3
local a = 'AA'
for i = 1, 10 do
  a = a + 'AA'
  if i == 3 then
    SD.enabled = true
  end
  SD.nvtos (i, string.len(a), a)
end

displays:

Lua error:Module:YourModule:Line:

3 => 8  •  "AAAAAAAA"

4 => 10  •  "AAAAAAAAAA"

5 => 12  •  "AAAAAAAAAAAA".

--2020-06-16 fix error when vtos(nil), then it showed two nil
--2020-06-08 if a variable is a function now is displayed as function (before "function")
--2020-06-06 fix error which occasionally happens when a value == nil
local p = {}

p.s = ''
p.tab = {
	oneline = true,
	allidx = false, 
	}
p.dec = -1
p.maxlines = {
	num = 100,
	doerror = true,
	}
p.enabled = true
p.nowiki = false
p.nohtml = false
p._plaintext = false
p.counter = false

local LinCount = 0
local vep = '  •  '
local function MessRaised (n)
	return '\n\nIt has been reached to '..n..', you can change this limit with "maxlines.num".'
end	
local function arrow()
	return ' => '
end

function p.breakline ()
	LinCount = LinCount + 1
	p.s = p.s..'\n\n'
	if p.counter then
		p.s = p.s..LinCount..vep
	end	
	if (LinCount > p.maxlines.num) and p.maxlines.doerror then
		p.pa = p.s..MessRaised(p.maxlines.num)
		error (p.s,0)
	end	
end	--breakline

local function CheckWhereName (wn, what)
	if wn == nil then
		return '"'..what..'" == nil'
	elseif (type(wn) == "table") then
		return 'Table as "'..what..'"!'
	else
		return wn	
	end	
end --CheckWhereName

function p._plain (text) --Modified from "Module:Plain text"
	if not text then return end
	text = mw.text.killMarkers(text)
		:gsub('&nbsp;', ' ') --replace nbsp spaces with regular spaces
		:gsub('<br ?/?>', ', ') --replace br with commas
		:gsub('<span.->(.-)</span>', '%1') --remove spans while keeping text inside
		:gsub('<b>(.-)</b>', '%1') --remove bold while keeping text inside
		:gsub('<i>(.-)</i>', '%1') --remove italic while keeping text inside
		:gsub('<sub>(.-)</sub>', '%1') --remove bold while keeping text inside
		:gsub('<sup>(.-)</sup>', '%1') --remove bold while keeping text inside
		:gsub('<.->.-<.->', '') --strip out remaining tags and the text inside
		:gsub('<.->', '') --remove any other tag markup
		:gsub('%[%[%s*[Ff]ile%s*:.-%]%]', '') --strip out files
		:gsub('%[%[%s*[Ii]mage%s*:.-%]%]', '') --strip out use of image:
		:gsub('%[%[%s*[Cc]ategory%s*:.-%]%]', '') --strip out categories
		:gsub('%[%[[^%]]-|', '') --strip out piped link text
		:gsub('[%[%]]', '') --then strip out remaining [ and ]
		:gsub("'''''", "") --strip out bold italic markup
		:gsub("'''?", "") --not stripping out '''' gives correct output for bolded text in quotes
		:gsub('----', '') --remove ---- lines
		:gsub("^%s+", "") --strip leading
		:gsub("%s+$", "") --and trailing spaces
		:gsub("%s+", " ") --strip redundant spaces
	return text
end --plain

function p._plain_len (text)
	return mw.ustring.len (p._plain(text))
end	
	
function p.plain (frame)
	return p._plain (frame.args[1])
end

function p.plain_len (frame)
	return p._plain_len (frame.args[1])
end

local function totext (text)
	if p._plaintext then
		return p._plain (text)
	else
		return text
	end	
end --totext

local function NumToStr (N)		
	if (p.dec == -1) or (N == math.floor(N)) then
		return tostring(N)
	else
		return tostring (math.floor ((N*10^p.dec)+0.5) / (10^p.dec))
	end	
end	--NumToStr

local iniTab1Line = true
function p.containsTab (avar)
	result = false
	for k,v in pairs(avar) do
		if type(v) == 'table' then
			result = true
			break
		end	
	end
	return result
end --containsTab

local var
	
local function DumTab (tbl, indent)
	if not indent then indent = 1 end
	local toprint = " {\r\n"
	indent = indent + 2 
	for k, v in pairs(tbl) do
		toprint = toprint..string.rep(" ", indent)
		local id = k
		if (type(k) == "string") then
			k = '"'..k..'"'
		end
		toprint = toprint.."["..k.."] = "
		if (type(v) == "number") then
			toprint = toprint..NumToStr(v)..",\r\n"
		elseif (type(v) == "string") then
			toprint = toprint.."\""..totext(v).."\",\r\n"
		elseif (type(v) == "table") then
			if iniTab1Line and (not p.containsTab (v)) then
				local wds = '{'
				for kk,vv in pairs(v) do
					if (p.tab.allidx == true) or (type(kk) ~= 'number')  then 
						wds = wds..'['..kk..']='..var(vv)..', '
					else	
						wds = wds..var(vv)..', '
					end
				end
				toprint = toprint..wds.."},\r\n"
			else	
				toprint = toprint..DumTab(v, indent + 2)..",\r\n"
			end
		else
			toprint = toprint.."\""..tostring(v).."\",\r\n"
		end
	end
	toprint = toprint..string.rep(" ", indent-2).."}"
	return toprint
end --DumTab

function var (avar)
	local EndStr = ''
	if avar == nil then	
		EndStr = 'nil'
	elseif type(avar) == 'table' then
		if #avar > 0 then
			p.s = p.s..'\r\n'
		end	
		if p.tab.oneline then
			local wds = '{ '
			for k,v in pairs(avar) do
				if (p.tab.allidx == true) or (type(k) ~= 'number')  then 
					wds = wds..'['..k..']='..var(v)..', '
				else	
					wds = wds..var(v)..', '
				end
			end
			EndStr = wds .. '} '
		else
			EndStr = DumTab (avar)
		end	
	elseif type(avar) == 'number' then
		EndStr = NumToStr (avar)
	elseif type(avar) == 'boolean' then
		if avar == true then
			EndStr = 'true'
		else
			EndStr = 'false'
		end	
	elseif type(avar) == 'function' then	
		EndStr = 'function'
	else
		avar = totext (tostring(avar))
		if p.nohtml then
			avar = string.gsub (avar, "<", "⪡")
			avar = string.gsub (avar, ">", "⪢")
		end	
		EndStr = '"'..avar..'"'
	end
	return EndStr
end --var

function p.w (where)
	if p.enabled then
		return CheckWhereName (where, 'w')
	end	
end --w

local function varx (avar)
	iniTab1Line = p.tab.oneline
	if p.tab.oneline and (type(avar) == 'table') then
		p.tab.oneline = not p.containsTab(avar)
	end
	local ss = var(avar)
	p.tab.oneline = iniTab1Line
	return ss
end --varx

function p.v (...)
	if p.enabled then
		local str = ''
		if #arg == 0 then
			str = 'nil'
		else
			local c = 0
			for k, i in ipairs(arg) do
				c = k
			end	
			--error (c)
			for i = 1, #arg do
				if str ~= '' then
					str = str..vep
				end	
				str = str..varx(arg[i])
			end	
		end	
		return str
	end	
end	--v

function p.wv (where, ...)
	if p.enabled then
		return CheckWhereName(where,'w')..arrow()..p.v(unpack(arg))
	end	
end	--wv

function p.nv (...)
	if p.enabled then
		if math.mod(#arg,2) ~= 0 then
			EndStr = 'Any parameter has not a name or variable'
		else
			local s = ''
			local IsName = true
			function Concat(wds)
				if s ~= '' then
					if IsName then
						s = s..vep
					else	
						s = s..': '
					end	
				end
				s = s..wds
			end
			for i = 1, #arg do
				if IsName then
					Concat (CheckWhereName(arg[i],'n'))
					IsName = false
				else	
					Concat (varx(arg[i]))
					IsName = true
				end	
			end
			EndStr = s
		end
		return EndStr
	end	
end --nv

function p.wnv (where, ...)
	if p.enabled then
		return CheckWhereName(where,'w')..arrow()..p.nv (unpack(arg))
	end	
end

----------

local function EnabAndBl ()
	if p.enabled then
		if LinCount < p.maxlines.num then
			p.breakline ()
			return true
		else
			p.s = p.s..MessRaised(p.maxlines.num)
			error (p.s)
			return false
		end	
	else
		return false
	end
end --EnabAndBl

function p.wtos (where)
	if EnabAndBl () then
		p.s = p.s..p.w (where)
	end	
end --wtos

function p.vtos (...)
	if EnabAndBl () then
		local end_nil_count = arg["n"] - #arg
		p.s = p.s..p.v (unpack(arg))
		if #arg == 0 then
			end_nil_count = end_nil_count-1
		end	
		for i = 1, end_nil_count do
			p.s = p.s..vep..'nil'
		end	
	end	
end --vtos

function p.wvtos (where, ...)
	if EnabAndBl () then
		p.s = p.s..p.wv (where,unpack(arg))
	end	
end --wvtos

function p.nvtos (...)
	if EnabAndBl () then
		local end_nil_count = arg["n"] - #arg
		if end_nil_count > 0 then
			for i = 1, arg["n"] do
				if math.mod(i,2) ~= 0 then
					p.s = p.s..arg[i]..': '
				else
					p.s = p.s..p.v(arg[i])
					if i < arg["n"] then
						p.s = p.s..vep
					end	
				end	
			end	
		else
			p.s = p.s..p.nv (unpack(arg))
		end	
	end	
end --nvtos

function p.wnvtos (where, ...)
	if EnabAndBl () then
		local end_nil_count = arg["n"] - #arg
		if end_nil_count > 0 then
			p.s = p.s..where..arrow()
			for i = 1, arg["n"] do
				if math.mod(i,2) ~= 0 then
					p.s = p.s..arg[i]..': '
				else
					p.s = p.s..p.v(arg[i])
					if i < arg["n"] then
						p.s = p.s..vep
					end	
				end	
			end	
		else
			p.s = p.s..p.wnv (where, unpack(arg))
		end	
	end	
end --wnvtos

return p