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A sasrájaalakúak (Myliobatiformes) a porcos halak (Chondrichthyes) osztályába és a rájaszerűek (Batoidea) öregrendjébe tartozó rend.

Infobox info icon.svg
Sasrájaalakúak
Evolúciós időszak: Kora kréta? - jelen[1]
Foltos sasrája (Aetobatus narinari)
Foltos sasrája (Aetobatus narinari)
Rendszertani besorolás
Ország: Állatok (Animalia)
Törzs: Gerinchúrosok (Chordata)
Altörzs: Gerincesek (Vertebrata)
Osztály: Porcos halak (Chondrichthyes)
Alosztály: Cápák és ráják (Elasmobranchii)
Öregrend: Rájaszerűek (Batoidea)
Rend: Myliobatiformes
Compagno, 1973
Hivatkozások
Wikifajok

A Wikifajok tartalmaz Sasrájaalakúak témájú rendszertani információt.

Commons

A Wikimédia Commons tartalmaz Sasrájaalakúak témájú kategóriát.

Tartalomjegyzék

TudnivalókSzerkesztés

Ez a porcoshal-rend korábban része volt a rájaalakúak (Rajiformes) rendjének, azonban az újabb kutatások következtében a halbiológusok, -kutatók rájöttek, hogy a mostan sasrájaalakúakként számontartott fajok monofiletikus csoportot alkotnak, azaz az összes idetartozó faj egyetlen őstől származik. A renden belül, a különböző fajok megjelenése és életmódja igen változatos; sőt egyes családok tagjai inkább a rájaalakúakra hasonlítanak, azért is lettek odasorolva, azonban minden hasonlóság a konvergens evolúciónak a műve.[2][3]

A sasrájaalakúak minden óceánban és főbb tengerben jelen vannak. Egyesek planktonszűrők míg, míg mások a tengerfenék homokjában keresik táplálékukat, de vannak olyan fajok is amelyek aktívan vadásznak. Fajtól függően az úszófesztávolságuk 11,8-910 centiméter közöttire tehető.

RendszerezésSzerkesztés

A rendbe az alábbi 9 család tartozik:

JegyzetekSzerkesztés

  1. M Puckridge, PR Last, WT White and N Andreakis (2012) Phylogeography of the Indo-West Pacific maskrays (Dasyatidae, Neotrygon): a complex example of chondrichthyan radiation in the Cenozoic. Ecology and Evolution. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.448.
  2. Nelson, J.S.. Fishes of the World, fourth, John Wiley, 69–82. o. (2006). ISBN 0-471-25031-7 
  3. Myliobatiformes: Stingrays. ReefQuest Centre for Shark Research . (Hozzáférés: 2018. május 4.)

ForrásokSzerkesztés

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