„Astrapotheria” változatai közötti eltérés

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A '''Astrapotheria''' az [[emlősök]] ''(Mammalia)'' [[osztály (rendszertan)|osztályának]] egyik kihalt[[fosszilis élőlény|fosszilis]] [[rend (rendszertan)|rendje]], amely [[Dél-Amerika]] területén élt, a [[paleocén]] kortól a [[miocén]]ig. 59 millió éve jelentek meg első fajaik és 12 millió évvel ezelőtt haltak ki.<ref>{{Paleodb|147588|Astrapotheria}}. Retrieved March 2013</ref><ref name="Johnson-Madden">"The uruguaytheriine Astrapotheriidae from the rich middle Miocene Honda Group of the upper Magdalena River valley in Colombia (...) are the youngest securely dated remains of that order in South America." {{Harvnb|Johnson|Madden|1997| p=356}}</ref> Az Astrapotheriák nagy [[orrszarvúfélék|rinocérosz]]-szerű állatok voltak és a valaha élt legbizarabblegfurább megjelenésű emlősrendek közé tartoznak.<ref name="Rose">{{Harvnb|Rose|2006| pp=235–6}}</ref>
 
== Rendszerezés ==
== Források ==
*McKenna, M. C. & Bell, S. K. (eds.). Classification of mammals; above the species level. Columbia University Press, New York, 1997.
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| oclc = 39794328 | ref = harv}}<!-- {{Harvnb|Ameghino|1887}} -->
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| title = A New Astrapothere (Mammalia, Meridiungulata) from La Meseta Formation, Seymour (Marambio) Island, and a Reassessment of Previous Records of Antarctic Astrapotheres
|date=June 2011 | journal = American Museum Novitates | volume = 3718 | pages = 1–16
| url = http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace/bitstream/handle/2246/6118/N3718.pdf | accessdate = March 2013
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| chapter = The phylogeny of the native South American ungulates | pages = 195–216
| editor1-last = Szalay | editor1-first = F.S.
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| editor3-last = McKenna | editor3-first = M.C.
| title = Mammal phylogeny
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* {{Cite book
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| last2 = Madden | first2 = Richard H.
| chapter = Uruguaytheriine Astrapotheres of Tropical South America | pages = 355–82
| title = Vertebrate paleontology in the neotropics : the Miocene fauna of La Venta, Colombia
| editor1-last = Kay | editor1-first = Richard F.
| editor2-last = Madden | editor2-first = Richard H.
| editor3-last = Cifelli | editor3-first = Richard L.
| editor4-last = Flynn | editor4-first = John J.
| year = 1997 | publisher = Smithsonian Institution Press | location = Washington
| isbn = 9781560984184 | oclc = 30320084 | ref = harv}}<!-- {{Harvnb|Johnson|Madden|1997}} -->
* {{Cite book
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| title = Sobre el supuesto Astrapotherium Christi Stehlin, descubierto en Venezuela (Xenastrapotherium n. gen.) y sus relaciones con Astrapotherium magnum y Uruguaytherium Beaulieui
| year = 1928 | publisher = La Editorial Franco-Argentina | location = Buenos Aires
| oclc = 20881142 | ref = harv}}<!-- {{Harvnb|Kraglievich|1928}} -->
* {{Cite journal
| last1 = Kramarz | first1 = Alejandro G
| last2 = Bond | first2 = Mariano
| title = A new oligocene astrapothere (Mammalia , Meridiungulata) from Patagonia and a new appraisal of astrapothere phylogeny
| year = 2009 | journal = Journal of Systematic Palaeontology | volume = 7 | issue = 1 | pages = 117–128
| doi = 10.1017/S147720190800268X | ref = harv}}<!-- {{Harvnb|Kramarz|Bond|2009}} -->
* {{Cite journal
| last1 = Kramarz | first1 = Alejandro
| last2 = Bond | first2 = Mariano
| title = A new early Miocene astrapotheriid (Mammalia, Astrapotheria) from Northern Patagonia, Argentina
| year = 2011 | journal = Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie u. Palaontologie / Abhandlungen | volume = 260 | issue = 3 | pages = 277–87
| doi = 10.1127/0077-7749/2011/0132 | oclc = 740850188 | ref = harv}}<!-- {{Harvnb|Kramarz|Bond|2011}} -->
* {{Cite journal
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* {{Cite journal
| last = Paula Couto | first = Carlos, de
| title = Um Trigonostylopidae do Paleoceno do Brasil
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| ref = harv}}<!-- {{Harvnb|Paula Couto|1963}} -->
* {{Cite journal
| last = Paula Couto | first = Carlos, de
| title = Fossil mammals from the cenozoic of Acre, Brazil
| year = 1976 | location = Porto Alegre | publisher = Museu de Ciências naturais da Fundação zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul
| oclc = 31145316 | ref = harv}}<!-- {{Harvnb|Paula Couto|1976}} -->
* {{Cite book
| last = Rose | first = Kenneth David
| title = The beginning of the age of mammals
| year = 2006 | publisher = JHU Press | location = Baltimore
| url = https://books.google.com/books?id=3bs0D5ix4VAC&pg
| isbn = 0801884721 | ref = harv}}<!-- {{Harvnb|Rose|2006}} -->
* {{Cite journal
|last=Simpson
|first=George Gaylord
|title=Descriptions of the oldest known South American mammals, from the Rio Chico Formation
|year=1935
|journal=American Museum Novitates
|volume=793
|pages=1–25
|url=http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace/bitstream/handle/2246/2125//v2/dspace/ingest/pdfSource/nov/N0793.pdf
|accessdate=March 2013
|oclc=44083494
|ref=harv
}}{{dead link|date=October 2016 |bot=InternetArchiveBot |fix-attempted=yes }}<!-- {{Harvnb|Simpson|1935}} -->
* {{Cite journal
| last = Simpson | first = George Gaylord
| title = A new Casamayoran astrapothere
| year = 1957 | journal = Revista del Museo Municipal de Ciencias Naturales y Tradicional de Mar del Plata | volume = 1 | issue = 3 | pages = 11–18
| oclc = 81633287 | ref = harv}}<!-- {{Harvnb|Simpson|1957}} -->
* {{Cite journal
| last1 = Soria | first1 = M. F.
| last2 = Powell | first2 = J. E.
| title = Un primitivo Astrapotheria (Mammalia) y la edad de la Formacion Rio Loro, Provincia de Tucuman, Republica Argentina
| year = 1981 | journal = Ameghiniana | volume = 18 | issue = 3–4 | pages = 155–68
| ref = harv}}<!-- {{Harvnb|Soria|Powell|1981}} -->
* {{Cite journal
| last = Soria | first = M. F.
| title = Tetragonostylops apthomasi (Price y Paula Couto, 1950): su asignación a Astrapotheriidae (Mammalia; Astrapotheria)
| year = 1982 | journal = Ameghiniana | volume = 19 | issue = 3–4| pages = 234–238
| ref = harv}}<!-- {{Harvnb|Soria|1982}} -->
* {{Cite journal
| last = Soria | first = M. F.
| title = Eoastrapostylopidae: diagnosis e implicaciones en la sistemática y evolución de los Astrapotheria preoligocénicos
| year = 1984 | journal = Actas 2° Congreso Argentino de Paleontología y Bioestratigrafía | pages = 175–182
| ref = harv}}<!-- {{Harvnb|Soria|1984}} -->
 
=== Fordítás ===