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JotterSzerkesztés

 
Parker Jotter Acél Golyóstoll

A Parker Jotter a Parker Pen Company első és lagnagyobb darabszámban elkelt nyomógombos, cserélhető betétes golyóstolla. Később megjelentek a designban hozzá illő töltőtollak, rollertollak és mechanikus ceruzák. A legtöbb golyóstollhoz hasonlóan zselés tollá alakíthatjuk, ha kicseréljük betétjét. 1954 óta több mint 750 milliót adtak el belőle szerte a világban. Betéte, az úgynevezett T-Ball (T, mint ’tungsten’, a volfrám angol neve), is the first textured ballpoint and is now a standard in the industry. Also, the external design of the T-Ball is a standard design for many brands of refillable pens.

The Jotter is distinguished by a button and cap made of stainless steel, chrome or another metal, a stylized arrow-shaped clip, a smooth styrene or metal barrel and a metal nozzle. If styrene, the barrel originally came in black, blue, green and red. Over many years of production, the jotter has been produced in numerous colors, some quite rare.

One popular version, scarce in early models, is identified as the laboratory or "flighter" version. These pens have an alloy cap with a matching alloy barrel. The all-alloy bodied pens come with a gold or chrome clip. Another version is the clear barreled "demonstrator", usually sold to dealers to show the inner workings of the pen.

The so-called "girl's" Jotter is a smaller version of the original. It was manufactured in the early sixties and was popular for a time. It came in seven colors (The rarest being brown), as well as a clear "demonstrator".

Also, it appears that the employees would occasionally experiment with their own combinations of colors. These pens have a marbelized appearance and are the result of cleaning the production machinery. If the production run called for blue, and they had been making grey jotters, the last of the gray plastic would blend into the blue creating what were sometimes called "lunch room" specials. These pens are considered quite collectible, but they are usually not "proto-types" as commonly thought.

Management was always trying to expand the market for this pen and commissioned the design department to explore new designs and materials. Several of these prototypes exist and are also coveted by collectors.

There are many variations of these pens and a large collection can be assembled by the serious collector. The variety is endless if a collector includes the advertising variations. All versions of the pen were used in advertising for an endless list of organizations.

The refill comes in ball pen and gel styles, as well as in three point sizes. The pen also comes in a boxed set with a mechanical pencil which is collectible in itself.

TörténeteSzerkesztés

  • In 1954, the Parker Jotter had an inverted "V" style clip without the arrow engraving. The 1954 Jotter came with red, green, grey and black barrels, made of grouved nylon, not smooth plastic. The following year, due to the populatity of the pen, the choice of colors was extended to include, bright red, mustard yellow, bright green and bright orange. These later colors are more difficult to find.
  • In 1956, the company made the Jotter barrel smooth plastic and changed the clip to the "21" style. This clip utilized a reversed "V" rather than an inverted one. It incorporated a ball for pocket retention. This clip remained in use for about two years. During the period this variation was in production a metal barrel end was added in response to complaints that the plastic tip broke from pressure. The cap-actuated Parker 51 fountain pen also came out this year.
  • In 1957, the company launched the T-Ball refill, which contained reformulated ink and a textured tungsten carbide writing ball.

In 1958, the company added an arrow to replace the afore mentioned ballclip design. The arrow has remainded on all production Jotters since then. Occasionally a jotter would slip through with a clip that had no embossed arrows. These are now collector items. Recent production (English manufacture) have clips in the shape of an arrow, but no feathers

  • In 1962, the company launches the cap-actuated Parker 61.
  • In 1965, the company launches a Jotter desk pen in brushed chrome.
  • In 1973, the company flattened the dome-shaped button and put there the Parker imprint.
  • In the 1980s, the company changed the inner cap threads from brass to plastic.
  • In 2004, the Jotter's Jubilee, the company released limited edition designs in boxed sets. The dome shaped button was restored to its original rounded shape that it had prior to 1973 when the flattened dome shaped button took over. The sterling silver Jotters were made for only one year and that was in 2004. There were several barrel colors issued to celebrate the Jotter's 50th Anniversary.

Today's Jotters are similar to the popular, ruggedized version that first came out in 1954. More than 700 million Jotters have been produced since 1954 and production continues at Parker's plant in Newhaven, England after being transferred there from Janesville, Wisconsin in 1999.

See alsoSzerkesztés

ReferencesSzerkesztés


timelineSzerkesztés

 

What I’ve DoneSzerkesztés

In the UK the song hit #6 once the physical format was released, making it Linkin Park's highest-charting UK single.

Chart (2007) Peak
position
Argentína Top 100 6
Ausztrian Singles Chart[1] 8
ARIA Chart Singles[1] 13
Billboard Hot 100[1] 7
Billboard Pop 100 8
Billboard Modern Rock Tracks 1
Billboard Mainstream Rock Tracks 1
Brazília 4
Kanada Muchmusic Countdown 1
Chile Top 100 Singles 70
Csehország 2
Dutch Top 40[1] 26
Dutch Top 100 Singles 96
French Download Chart 20
German Singles Chart[1] 4
German Download Chart 1
Izrael 3
Írország[1] 15
Olaszország 3
Lettországn Airplay Top 5
Új-Zéland RIANZ Singles Chart[1] 9
Norwegian Singles Chart[1] 12
Polish Singles Chart Top 50 3
Swiss Singles Chart[1] 6
UK Singles Chart[1] 6
United World Chart[1] 4

TurnerSzerkesztés

'''Id. William „Bocskor Bill” Turner''' egy kitalált [[kalóz]] a [[Disney]] [[A Karib-tenger kalózai]] filmtrilógiájában. Habár nem szerepel (csak említés szintjén) az első filmben, mindkét folytatásban feltűnik, [[Stellan Skarsgård]] előadásában.

A tengeri élővilág borítja be Bocskor arcát és testét ahogy fokozatosan átváltozatja vízi környezete, amelyben most él.

Comment Lui DireSzerkesztés

Comment Lui Dire
Szerző Gerard Presgurvic
Stílus Musical dal
Hogy mondjam el?!
Szerző Gerard Presgurvic
Stílus Musical dal

Comment Lui Dire?/ Hoe Zeg Je Dan/ I Can't Do This/ Hogy mondjam el/ Kak mne skazat'/ Wie sag ich's ihm

ForrásSzerkesztés

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